Fibroids, also known as myoma, are tumors that grow in the uterine walls. They are usually benign but can range in size and quantity. Uterine fibroids are most common in women in their 40s and early 50s. The cause of fibroids is unknown, but they may be affected by hormones and genetics. Most fibroids do not turn into cancer, but can lead to pregnancy complications.
In many cases, women do not experience symptoms from fibroids. Treatment may not be necessary for these cases. Other women may experience:
- Heaving bleeding
- Feeling of fullness
- Enlargement of abdomen
- Lower back pain
- Pain during sex
- Frequent urination
Treatment for these cases may include medication to relieve symptoms, or surgery for more severe cases. Surgeries can include a myomectomy to remove the fibroids or a hysterectomy to remove the uterus. Other treatment options are also available to keep symptoms at a minimum and preserve your overall health.
Chronic female pelvic pain is classified as pain below the belly button lasting longer than 6 months. The pain can range from mild to severe, dull to sharp and may come and go or be constant. It is usually a symptom of another condition. Pelvic pain can be a result of several different causes, many of which can be successfully treated.
Although the cause of pelvic pain can not always be determined, some common causes include:
- Uterine fibroids
- Scar tissue after surgery or infection
- Irritable bowel syndrome
- Physical or sexual abuse
Patients who suffer from pelvic pain may undergo a Pap test, blood test, urine test, pregnancy test and STD test to determine the cause of pain. Imaging devices and even exploratory surgery may be used to if a cause cannot be found.
Treatment for pelvic pain depends on the cause, but can include:
- Birth control pills or hormone treatment
- Surgery to remove a cyst or tumor
- Pain relievers
- Cognitive therapy
Pelvic pain can be a debilitating condition that can affect your everyday life. It is important to work with your doctor to diagnose the cause of pain in order to receive effective treatment.
Endometriosis is a medical condition in women in which the uterine lining (endometrium) moves out of the uterus and into other parts of the pelvic area such as the ovaries, bowels or behind the uterus. This condition affects about five million women in the US and is one of the most common health problems. It is generally not a serious or harmful condition, but can be painful and may interfere with your daily life.
During your period, this tissue swells and bleeds and sheds from the lining to be released within the menstrual flow. When it is in other areas, this swelling causes pain and may form scar tissue. There is no known cause of this condition, but it tends to run in families. Symptoms of endometriosis include:
- Painful menstrual cramps
- Chronic lower back and pelvic pain
- Pain during or after sex
- Heavy and/or long menstrual periods
Endometriosis can be diagnosed through an ultrasound or MRI. There is no cure for the disease, but symptoms can be treated depending on their type and severity. Talk to your doctor today if you think you may be experiencing endometriosis.
Chlamydia is a common STD caused by bacteria that can lead to vaginal discharge, burning during urination, abdominal pain, nausea, fever and more, although many patients do not experience any symptoms from this disease. It can also have damaging effects on the fetus of pregnant women who are affected by this disease.
Many patients do not experience any symptoms from chlamydia, making it a “silent” disease for many. Those who do experience symptoms usually notice them appearing one to three weeks after exposure. These symptoms are usually mild and may not be cause for concern for many patients. Common symptoms include:
- Painful urination
- Vaginal or penile discharge
- Lower back pain
- Abdominal pain
- Pain during intercourse
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is an infection of the vagina in which the balance of bacteria is disrupted and there is more harmful bacteria present than beneficial bacteria. BV is the most common vaginal infection in women of childbearing age, and is also common in pregnant women.
While this infection is not necessarily transmitted through sexual contact, having multiple or new sex partners can affect bacteria in the vagina and increase a patient's risk of BV, as can douching or not using a condom during intercourse.
A vaginal yeast infection is a common condition that affects over 75 percent of women at least once in their life, caused by a fungus called Candida albicans. While this type of fungus exists naturally in the vagina, too much of it can cause a vaginal infection. A yeast infection causes itching, burning, redness and irritation in the vaginal area, as well as a white discharge that looks similar to cottage cheese and pain during sexual intercourse.
Treatment for a yeast infection is usually through over-the-counter products, although it is important to be sure that a yeast infection is the proper diagnosis. Over-the-counter products can typically treat a yeast infection in one to seven days, and may include creams, vaginal suppositories and tablets. Prescription oral medication is also available for yeast infections.
For more information about our services, or to schedule an appointment click here.