The most serious risk for people with osteoporosis is a hip fracture following a fall. But osteoporotic bones are so weak that it doesn't always require a fall to cause injury. Simple, everyday activities can result in a fracture. Spinal compression fractures are the most common osteoporosis- related injury and can be triggered simply by bending over.
Bone loss begins immediately when your periods stop and can happen even faster in women who are thin, have a family history of bone loss or who smoke cigarettes. One of every two women over age 65 will suffer at least one bone fracture due to osteoporosis. For this reason, we begin DEXA bone testing to look for osteoporosis in all of our patients who are over the age of 50.
Infertility tests are performed on the patient or couple in order to determine the source of infertility. Tests may also detect any conditions or abnormalities that may inhibit one or both partner's ability to conceive a child, or lead to birth defects or congenital disorders. The best candidates for infertility evaluation are:
- Couples who are in their mid-30s
- Couples who have not used birth control for six months
- Those who have been trying to conceive for at least a year
- Those with physical problems, such as erectile dysfunction
Infertility issues can be very sensitive, and therefore confidentiality is provided to patients who choose to undergo an infertility evaluation.
It is important for both partners to be tested in order to determine an accurate, complete evaluation of any potential fertility problems. Male infertility is a factor in about 45% of all infertility cases and requires a thorough investigation. Thanks to advances in fertility treatment methods, approximately 60% of couples treated for infertility are able to conceive.
A sexually transmitted disease, or STD, is a disease or infection that is spread from one person to another through sexual contact. Most STDs are caused by bacteria, parasites or viruses, that are transmitted through contact with the genitals, skin, mouth, rectum, or bodily fluids. STDs can cause problems ranging from mild irritation to severe pain. Left untreated, some STDs can cause illness, cancer, infertility or harm to a fetus during pregnancy
Risk Factors for STDs
STDs may be caused by a bacterial or viral infection that is spread through sexual contact. Individuals who may be more at risk for contacting an STD may include those who:
- Engage in unprotected sex
- Have multiple sexual partners
- Are already infected with an STD
- Abuse drugs or alcohol
- Share needles for drug use or tattoos
Types of STD Testing
STD testing is not part of a standard physical exam or gynecological checkup, so unless an STD infection is suspected by a physician, testing must be specifically requested.
- Blood test
- Urine test
- Swab sample from the genitals
- Tissue sample
There are also several at-home test kits available for certain STDs. These tests usually involve the individual collecting a urine sample or a genital swab at home and sending it to a laboratory for analysis. Results are usually received within a few days. In some cases, because the sample is taken at home and not in a completely sterile environment, results of these test may not always be reliable. Positive test results from at-home STD tests, should always be confirmed by a doctor.
If an individual tests positive for an STD, a treatment plan should be discussed with and developed by a doctor. Fortunately, there are many effective treatments available for most STDs and although many STDs cannot be cured, there is medication available to treat and manage symptoms. Patients infected with a sexually transmitted disease should inform any sex partners of the infection to make sure they are tested and treated. This reduces the risk of re-infection and spreading the disease to a partner.
STDs are serious infections that can cause lifelong or recurring symptoms and side effects. It is important for individuals to practice safe sex and get tested often.
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