Menstrual disorders can turn your monthly period from a minor inconvenience into a major, debilitating condition. These disorders can cause physical and emotional symptoms and can severely disrupt your daily life for days or weeks at a time.
Menstrual cycle disorders can cause symptoms such as:
- Heavy bleeding
- Abdominal pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Missed periods
- Mood swings
These symptoms are characteristic of several different menstrual disorders including:
- Abnormal uterine bleeding
While these disorders are not usually serious, they are often painful. Fortunately, treatment methods are usually successful in relieving these symptoms to make that time of the month less significant.
Menopause is diagnosed when a menstrual period has been absent for 12 months.The menopause process takes several years beginning when the ovaries start to produce less estrogen. This stage is known as perimenopause and this is when symptoms first begin to appear.
Menopause symptoms include:
- Irregular vaginal bleeding
- Hot flashes
- Night sweats
- Bladder control symptoms
Not all women experience symptoms of menopause. If there are symptoms, they may either be mild or severe. These symptoms can last from the perimenopausal stage and last for several years after menopause. Menopause occurs naturally after the age of 40. The loss of estrogen production also increases the risk of osteoporosis, heart disease and Alzheimer's disease.
Effective treatment for most menopause symptoms and the reduction of associated risks is available. Your doctor can help you decide which options are best for you.
Gynecological exams are valuable to adolescents in many ways. It is important for young women to be assessed early, especially if they are sexually active, and to begin a relationship with a doctor that may guide them through many important milestones in their lives. The adolescent gynecologist provides wellness consultations for adolescents with a goal of establishing a bond of trust and confidence with each patient. Adolescent gynecology is a subspecialty of obstetrics and gynecology, or OB/GYN.
Adolescent gynecologists also provide consultation for young women who have a chronic medical condition that may complicate general gynecologic assessment and care, including:
- Bleeding disorders
- Sexually transmitted diseases, such as HIV/AIDS
- Neurological disease
A typical adolescent exam includes a consultation, a full medical assessment and a minimally invasive exam. Annual pelvic exams and pap smears are recommended for all women over the age of 18, but younger patients may receive a modified exam. If the patient is not sexually active, a pelvic exam may not be required. A gynecological exam may be overwhelming for a teenager. The doctor will carefully and thoroughly explain the exam process. Patients will have the opportunity to ask questions and voice concerns about their bodies as they enter adulthood. The doctors are especially sensitive with their younger patients and provide special care and confidentiality to their younger patients.
There are several common health conditions that the adolescent gynecologist may assess and treat:
- Contraceptive/Sexual Care
- Sexually transmitted diseases, such as HPV
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
- Breast Care
Certain types of problems are common in adolescent girls shortly after they begin menstruation, such as experiencing excessive bleeding with periods. Often caused by changing or imbalanced hormone levels, a gynecological examination and discussion of symptoms with the doctor can help determine a diagnosis and treatment plan.
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